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How to Identify Electrical Wire Gauge

Knowing the gauge of electrical wire is incredibly important to an electrician. This is what tells an electrician how many amps any one wire can actually conduct through the line. If the voltage you are trying to pass through a specific wire is more than the electrical wire gauge, you run the risk of shorting out the line or causing an electrical fire. Your home requires much more electricity than your stereo speakers; this is the reason why a cable running from a utility pole is much larger than a speaker wire. This article will show you how to identify the electrical wire gauge yourself.

Step 1 – Expose the Wirewires and cables Nigeria

Before you expose the wires in any circuit box or outlet, always make sure that the power is turned off at the main junction box. Never touch a wire with your bare hands until you are completely sure that the wire has no current running through it. After cutting the power, use current tester to determine if the line is still hot or not.

You will first remove the face plate or the cover of the circuit to get to the wires themselves. Inside, you will see several wires attached to the circuit. Use the screwdriver to loosen them.

Step 2 – Determine the Size of the Wire

The insulation around the electrical wire offers little help to you. The colors are used to identify the polarity of the wire, the most common being red, black, and yellow. However, wire strippers have multiple holes labeled with dimensions where you can insert the wires. You not only can strip wires of a specific size but can also determine the circumference of the wire.

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Unsafe electrical breakers can ruin your gadgets, and your home

We rely on electrical breakers to power our home and devices, from Dante Wires And Cables Company Limited. Here’s what you need to know aboutmaintaining and updating your breakers in order to keep your home, family and belongings safe.

Electrical fires

Electrical fires top most homeowners nightmares, and unsafe electrical breakers are the most common culprits.

  • An electrical breaker is the hub of the electrical system of your home.
  • It controls the power coming into every device, gadget, appliance and light in your home.wires and cables Nigeria

Maintenance

A simple misconnection or even improper maintenance can result in an unsafe electrical breaker.

  • Like cars, without proper maintenance, electrical breakers cant run forever.
  • Using the same analogy, sometimes your beloved first car has to be replaced. The same goes for electrical breakers.

Your devices

With technology an ever-present part of our daily lives, having a proper electrical breaker is important.

  • Even with wireless gadgets, the majority of them need to be charged and plugged into an outlet.
  • Your electrical breaker supplies your precious technology with its lifeline.
Unsafe electrical breakers can ruin your gadgets, and your home

What can go wrong with electrical breakers

  • Unsafe electrical breakers can cause short-circuiting of devices and power to your home.
  • Misconnections or improper installation and maintenance can lead to dimming or flickering of lights and spontaneous power outages inyour home.
  • More importantly, unsafe electrical breakers can cause devastating fires that can endangeryour home, belongingsand loved ones.

Investigate your breakers

Electrical breakers are normally tucked away in a dark corner of the basement. They dont often cross a homeowner’s mind.

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  • In the case of electrical breakers, out of sight, out of mind is not fitting.
  • If you have any concernsregarding the safety of your electrical breaker, its bestto find relief by investigating your electrical breakers for any problems.

Leave it to a professional

  • Thefirst step to safety is hiring a reputable electrician to install or maintain your electrical breaker.
  • If youre unsure if your electrical breaker is safe, right now is not the time to do-it-yourself. No book you purchased or borrow from the library is going to give you the knowledge that an educated and experienced electrician can provide.

Breakers differ from one another

Ideally every breaker would be built the same, but this isn’t the case.

  • As some homes have older and different models, a “how-to” book isnt necessarily going to provide you with the specifics of your electrical breaker.

Ask questionsoverhead transmission lines

  • Ensure that the person you hire is credible.
  • Dont be afraid to ask questions or even to see their credentials.
  • Remember your familyand home are at stake.

Hire an accredited electrician

Electrical breakers are complex and its important to hire an individual who understands the intricate electrical system of your home.

  • Make sure an accredited electrician is dealing with your electrical work.

*Not only is it dangerous, it may even be illegal in some provinces, such as Qubec, to do your own electrical wiring. The solution: consider hiring a master electrician.

F.G. Charged to Promote Electricity to Boost Education

The Nigerian Government has been charged to improve basic electricity supply to all parts of the country in order to help boost basic education in the country.This was the unanimous agreement of speakers at the 2017 Wole Soyinka lecture series In Abuja. Basic Education is crucial to the development of any country as it is the foundation for every form of Education.wires and cables Nigeria

According to the Nigerian association of energy economists, 45 percent of the country population is currently connected to the National grid, with regular supply still restricted to just 25 percent of the population.This has in turn hampered the growth of technology in Education and with its effect felt by the average Nigerian child especially those in the rural areasDante drums Armored Cables

Speakers at this Forum want the Federal government to make and implement policies that will help improve the quality of Students and Teachers in the class room.They believe that with a better sense of planning, electricity will no longer be an obstacle to basic education as an integrated process. The theme of the lecture series is “Light up light in electricity basic education.

 

Source: TvcNews

What to do when your house is on fire

A house fire is potentially devastating. Take every precaution to avoid one, and be ready to act if the worst should happen.

Minimize fire hazards

  • No home is completely fireproof, but faulty wiring and appliances, overloaded sockets and unmanned stoves are all fire hazards that are easily avoided.
  • Take extra caution with lit cigarettes and candles as these can also cause fires.
  • A working smoke alarm, a fire blanket and extinguisher can prove vital in saving your life and possessions.1.5 single core
  • Memorize how to use a fire extinguisher. You won’t have time to review in the event of a blaze.
  • Plan escape routes and ensure they’re kept clear.

Be fire smart

  • If you smell smoke, the smoke alarm sounds or there are flames, call everyone together and lead them out by the safest route without pausing to investigate.
  • Close doors behind you to help to contain the fire.
  • In a choking cloud of smoke, stoop low where the air is clearer.
  • Don’t waste time trying to salvage your possessions.
  • The instant you’re clear of the building call the fire brigade.

What to do if you’re trapped

  • If smoke and fire block your progress and there’s no other way out, marshal everyone into a refuge room.
  • Use bedding, rugs or rolled-up carpet to block the gap under the door to keep out smoke and fumes.
  • If you can get to a phone, dial the fire service.
  • Open a window and shout for help. Wave a “flag” of some fabric to attract attention.
Strategies to assess and control common home fires

Kitchen fires

  • More than half of domestic fires arise from cooking accidents, and most commonly start from cooking with oil.
  • If your deep-fat frying pan catches light on the stove top, don’t try to move it. Turn off the heat supply on the stove or at the main power source .
  • If you cannot safely reach the stove top controls. Get out of the room and close the door. Evacuate the house and call the fire department.
  • Never use water on an oil fire as it can cause a fireball, while a fire extinguisher can spread the flames.
  • Fire services caution against covering the pan with a damp tea towel and rolling it over the flames, away from you. It’s simply too risky.

Electrical fires

  • The best way to prevent electrical fires is to regularly check wiring and appliances.
  • Watch for warning signs of faults, such as fuses that frequently blow or lights that flicker and scorch around sockets.
  • The best advice for avoiding electrical fires is to unplug appliances whenever they aren’t in use.

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  • In the case of an electrical fire, cut off the main supply if you can get safely to it.
  • Don’t touch a socket or remove an appliance until you’ve cut the power.
  • A fire blanket, a dry powder or carbon dioxide fire extinguisher can be used on a small, localized electrical fire. Otherwise, evacuate the house and call the emergency services.
  • Before you open a door, check the top and handle with the back of your hand. If it’s warm, there’s fire on the other side. If cool, stand behind it, open it a crack and brace your foot against the door in case hot gases try to blow it wide.

Knowing how to deal with different kinds of fires can be the difference between saving your home and losing it. But never try to be the hero. Stay safe, calm and call the professionals.


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IBEDC spends Over N120M to Restore Electricity to 52 Communities in Ota, Ogun state

Residents in Abebi, Ilo Awela, Anglican, Navy quarters, Toll gate, Osi quarters, Amadia, Gbenga Daniel estate, Afobaje and Olosun communities and environs can breathe a sigh of relief as IBEDC has invested over N120 million to replace a faulty 15 MVA transformer in Odigbo Ota.

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The power transformer with three 11 KV outgoing feeders in Homan, Township and Tower developed a fault on the 5th of October, 2016 resulting in a total black out in these communities. Repairs began with the replacement of the faulty transformer through the importation of a new transformer and the installation of new 11KV indoor panels; power was finally restored to the communities on Sunday.

Speaking on the new development, the Chief Technical Officer, Ade Ayileka, stated that the company is committed to fulfilling its promise of rehabilitating the network infrastructure and providing good customer service to its customers. He said, ‘Customers should be rest assured that we are working assiduously to upgrade our facilities and improve our network.

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This is just the beginning of more great things to come this year from IBEDC as we have taken delivery of over N1bn worth of network upgrade equipment. In addition, the company will soon take delivery of a new batch of transformers. He stressed further that well-to-do Nigerians should begin to invest in the power equipment sector. This will not only solve our immediate needs on time, but will ease forex requirement for sourcing power equipment abroad. A period of nearly six months is required to source and receive a 15 MVA, 33/11Kv transformer.’ He urged the customers on this new transformer to always endeavour to pay their bills and vend promptly, to enable IBEDC have more funds to invest in the network.

‘To further complement IBEDC’s efforts, we appeal to our customers on the need to protect the various power installations such as sub-stations, transformers, poles and lines within our communities in order to avoid vandalism, energy theft and other illegal activities. We also encourage our customers and the general public to be vigilant and to report suspicious behaviour. The resource and manpower used to replace damaged installations could be better used to upgrade and expand our network.’

Source: IWIN

 

 

10 Things That Make a Home a Good Home

Buyers spend a lot of time looking at properties online, touring homes on the Sunday open house circuit, and talking to their real estate agent. They’re laser-focused on finding the best home that meets their needs. The problem is, buyers sometimes don’t take the long view of a property. They’re only looking at a home as a potential buyer — and not as someone who, years down the road, may also have to sell the property. Given that homes are such a big investment, there should be a little inside your head, picking away at your options and decisions.1.5 single core As the home buying market starts to heat up again, here are ten things you should consider when choosing your next home.FB_IMG_1462965433980

 Location, location, location

Perhaps nothing is more important than the three L’s, and there’s a reason why it’s said three times.

Location is extremely important when it comes time to sell. You can have the worst house in the world with the ugliest kitchen and bath. But put it on a great block or in a good school district, and your home will be coveted.

Location location location matters on so many different levels. At the highest level is the town where the house is located, then the school district, then the neighborhood and the block — right down to the location of the lot on the block. Keep all of this in mind when shopping. Also remember that while real estate markets rise and fall, no one can take a great location away from you.FB_IMG_1462965478885

 The home’s position on the lot

Where the home sits on the lot in relation to the street or the overgrown oak are key elements in picking out a home. In the case of a condo, an end unit vs. an interior unit is a key consideration. You may have chosen the most beautifully renovated home in the best school district and figure all is good. But if the main living areas are shaded by a neighbor’s extension or the master bedroom looks into the neighbors’ family room, you may have a location problem. Light or privacy may not be a hot button for you, but chances are, they might be concerns for a future buyer.

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The neighborhood’s character

You may have found the absolute most perfect home, on the best block, in the best school district and on a great lot. But there could be circumstances outside your control that may give you pause — specifically, the character of the surrounding neighborhood.

Check out the area late at night, early morning and in the middle of the day. See if there are any odd weather or traffic patterns and try to observe some of the neighbors. You may even go so far as talking to some neighbors. It’s important to walk around, open your eyes and ears and make sure there isn’t anything you’re overlooking. That next-door neighbor practicing drums in the garage at 9 p.m. could be a source of immediate neighbor conflict. Go into it with eyes wide open.

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Planned 20,000 Megawatts of Power is Inadequate Green Elec CEO

Green Elec Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Marcel Hochet, has said that the Federal Governments 20,000 megawatts (Mw) of electricity target is too small for the country. He said the government should rather focus on achieving 40,000Mw to meet its energy need. Green Elec is a solar energy solution firm with offices in Nigeria and France. In an interview in Lagos, he urged the government to address the problems in the sector, especially as the population is growing faster than the available resources in Nigeria.

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He said gas, hydro and renewable energy are the most feasible sources of power generation, asking the government to leverage them for growth. According to him, poor infrastructure had hindered past administrations plan to provide regular power supply. He added that the government should solve the problems in the sector to encourage growth.

Source: EnergyMix

Why Nigerias Electricity Has Improved TCN

The Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN), says the deployment of Free Control mechanisms by Power Generation Companies (GenCos) in their power plants has resulted in an improved national grid stability and reliability. Interim Managing Director of the TCN, Mr Usman Mohammed, said this in a statement by Mrs Seun Olagunju, General Manger, Public Affairs, in Abuja on Thursday.

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 Mohammed explained free governor mechanism as a device that automatically adjusts the rotational speed of the turbine and the power generation output.“The free governor is an important controller in the power plant as it regulates the turbine speed and power movement in the grid frequency regulation’’, he stated.

Mohammed said the device, deployed on May 22 by the GenCos, was in compliance with the national grid code.

 The official noted that the grid system frequency had been within the operational limits of 49.50 – 50.50Hz, with the potential of drastically reducing incidences of high frequency and system collapse.“This is a remarkable milestone achievement in the history of the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry”, he said. Mohammed commended the collaborative efforts and sense of patriotism displayed by the managements of GenCos, noting that the mechanism would also mitigate the negative effects of load under-utilisation.

Source: DailyPost

How to Install Light Switches and Fixtures

Overload

How to install a dimmer switch

Whether you choose a round dimmer switch or one that looks more like a standard switch with a lever on the side, installing a dimmer is a simple project .

  1. Turn off power to the switch at the service panel. Remove the cover plate and the screws holding the switch to the box.
  2. Carefully pull the switch out of the box. Use a neon-bulb voltage tester to verify that no power is reaching the switch. Unscrew the wires from the old switch. Straighten the exposed wire ends and trim if necessary so that no bare wire will stick out of the wire connectors.
  3. The wires from the dimmer can attach to either wire in the box. With pliers, twist the ends of the two pairs of wires together. Slip a wire connector over each pair of wires and twist clockwise, making sure that it fits securely. Join the ground wires the same way.
  4. Push the dimmer into the box, screw the dimmer to the box, screw on the cover plate and slip the knob into place. Restore power and test.

How to install an illuminated switch

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An illuminated switch has a light inside the toggle that glows when it is off. That makes it easier to find the switch in the dark. Consider putting one in a bedroom, for instance.

  1. Turn off the power to the switch; remove the cover plate and the screws holding the switch to the box.
  2. Carefully pull the switch out of the box.
  3. Use a tester to verify that no power is reaching the switch.
  4. Transfer the wiring from the old switch to the new one. Push the switch back in the box, attach the screws, replace the cover plate and restore power.

Installing light fixtures

Adding a new fixture to your room can help set the perfect mood. These common fixtures are easy to install for any DIYer.

Flush-mounted fixtures: Shut off the power and verify that it is off; disconnect the wires and remove the fixture. Use wire connectors to attach the new wires, black to black, white to white, ground to ground. Tuck the wires into the box and screw the fixture base into the strap.

Canopy fixture: With the power off remove the old fixture. Attach the wires like colour to like colour, ground to ground, using wire connectors. Twist the threaded nipple of the fixture into the strap until the canopy is firm against the ceiling. Affix the canopy from beneath with a locknut.

Hanging fixture: Shut off the power and remove the old fixture. If the nipple is rusty, replace it to ease assembly. Thread the fixture wires through the reducing nut and canopy. Attach them to those in the junction box. Screw the canopy onto the reducing nut and fasten the nut to the nipple.

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Safe fix for a broken bulb

When a light bulb breaks while still in its socket, tend to the repair right away.

  1. Pull the plug or shut off power at the service panel.
  2. If the glass is completely shattered, you may have difficulty getting enough of a grip on the bulb socket to remove it. Use needle-nose pliers to twist the bulb socket. If you can’t get a grip, push a soap bar or a potato over the remaining glass shards and turn.
  3. Replace the bulb and restore the power.

The 4 most common causes of home electrical fires and how to avoid them

1. Faulty wiring

Old, damaged or inadequate wiring is the leading cause of electrical fires in Canadian homes.

  • It is often an issue in older homes, but even having a new home does not guarantee your wiring is in perfect working order.
  • Everything in a house wears out eventually, including wiring.

Watch for warning signs, such as:

  • Fuses blowing and circuits overloading frequently1.5 single core

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  • Lights that dim when something else is turned on
  • Multiple extension cables branching off one outlet

If you suspect a problem, get a professional to inspect your wiring.

  • Once they have made any necessary repairs and given your home the all-clear, ask them to come back to audit your wiring once every four years.

2. Unattended cooking

Pots and pans splattering grease that catches fire is a major cause of electrical fires in homes.

  • Never leave your cooking unattended.
  • Make sure the area around the stove is clear of curtains, paper towels, tea towels and anything that can catch fire.

3. Heat sources

Heaters are another home electrical fire hazard to be aware of.

  • Keep a clear space of at least one metre around any heater that’s in use.
  • Don’t use your heater to dry laundry or wet shoes as items left on the heater can catch fire.
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4. Appliances

Appliances overheating are a fire risk many people don’t think about.

  • Check your plugs and cables for fraying or other damage regularly, and make sure you’re not overloading power boxes with too many appliances at one time.
  • Don’t cover electrical cables or plugs with heavy items such as rugs or furniture that could trap heat and catch fire when the cables overheat.

*Doing your own electrical writing is not only dangerous but may even be illegal in some provinces, such as Québec. The solution: consider hiring a master electrician. And use Dante wires and cables its simply the BEST